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Costa Rica National Parks, Conservation Areas & Attractions

National Parks in Costa Rica, Conservation Areas and other Attractions

 

National Parks Costa Rica - Central Region

Central RegionCosta Rica National Parks

National Parks Costa Rica - Northern Region

Northern Region Costa Rica National Parks

National Parks Costa Rica - Atlantic / Caribbean

Atlantic / Caribbean Costa Rica National Parks

National Parks Costa Rica - North Pacific

North Pacific Costa Rica National Parks

Nicoya Peninsula:

National Parks Costa Rica - Central Pacific

Central Pacific Costa Rica National Parks

 

National Parks Costa Rica - South Pacific

South Pacific Costa Rica National Parks

 



Costa Rica Costa Rica - Central Region Costa Rica - North Pacific Costa Rica - Central Pacific Costa Rica - South Pacific Costa Rica - Northern Mountains and Lowlands Costa Rica - Atlantic / Caribbean

THE COSTA RICAN NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM

The national park system was created in 1969, and was largely a one-man operation within the ministry of agriculture and livestock (MAG: Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería). The national park service was not the only ministry involved in conservation: two other agencies were the ministry of the environment (MAE: Ministerio del Ambiente) and the ministry of forestry and wildlife (Ministerio de la Vida Silvestre). As the conservation movement grew, the situation arose in which there were multiple agencies managing adjacent or even overlapping areas. As each ministry had different objectives and procedures, the result was chaos and inefficiencies.

In 1995 the three organizations were joined into a separate entity, the national system of conservation areas, or SINAC (Sistema Nacionál de Areas de Conservación). One of the keystones of SINAC is the idea of sustainable development and the incorporation of the whole country into conservation areas. Furthermore, a major effort was placed on local, public participation. In order for conservation to be sustainable, it must be accepted by local inhabitants, who must be given some decision-making capacities in the process. Under the new system, Costa Rica was divided up into some 11 conservation areas. Each area had its headquarters and command structure in order to quickly respond to local needs and conditions. However, each area is responsible for its own capital resources, meaning that some popular parks get most of the tourists’ money, while other less accessible parks do not even have the funds needed for basic park protection

 

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