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Costa Rica - Country Information


Costa Rica - Country of Extremes
is a country of mountains and green valleys, sleeping and active volcanoes, rain and cloud forest, dry areas and mangrove swamps, unspoiled beaches on both the Pacific and Atlantic coast as well as mountain ranges with peaks up to almost 13000 feet. Cosmopolitan cities and rural villages as well as the National Park are easily accessible.

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Costa Rica - Country of Biodiversity
Due to its function as a land bridge between North and South America, Costa Rica is one of the countries with the largest biodiversity in the world on a very small territory.
850 species of birds, more than in the USA and Canada together, about 1200 species of butterflies, 10% of all species in the world, more than on the entire African continent, 237 species of mammals, including all 6 cat species of the American continent, 378 species of amphibians and reptiles and 130 species of freshwater fish. 12000 species of known plants: still not completely recorded.

Costa Rica - Country of Democracy and Political Stability
Since 50 years a democracy without a standing army and declared as politically neutral, economically developed, Costa Rica offers the highest standard of living within Central America. Costa Rica - Honest, Friendly and Joyful Country The Ticos and Ticas are friendly and hospitable, one who meets them with respect and friendliness will always be welcomed.

Costa Rica - Honest, friendly and joyful country
The Ticos and Ticas are friendly and hospitable, one who meets them with respect and friendliness will always be welcomed.

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Republic of Costa Rica / República de Costa Rica


82º W - 86º W / 8º N - 11º N, borders Nicaragua in the north and Panamá in the south; Pacific Ocean in the west and Atlantic Ocean in the East.

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m; highest point: Cerro Chirripó 3,810 m


Tropical to subtropical
More infos on Weather and Climate


Total: 51,100 sq km; land: 50,660 sq km; water: 440 sq km ,
slightly smaller than West Virginia


San José


About 4,3 million

Ethnic Groups

White 94%, mestizo 7%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%


Spanish (official), English spoken around Puerto Limon


< 5 %


Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%

National holiday

Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
Costa Rica festivals, holidays, cultural events More info on Cultural Events & Festivals in Costa Rica
Costa Rica festivals, holidays, cultural events More info on History of Costa Rica

Government type

Democratic republic


Luis Guillermo Solís, Presidente de la República (2014 - May 2018)

Administrative divisions

7 provinces (provincias); Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limon, Puntarenas, San Jose


Costa Rica has no military (since 1948)

Main sources of income

Tourism, Electronics, Coffee, Bananas

Environment & Protection

about 25 % of the country under protection

Economy Prior to the global economic crisis, Costa Rica enjoyed stable economic growth. The economy contracted by about 2% in 2009. While the traditional agricultural exports of bananas, coffee, sugar, and beef are still the backbone of commodity export trade, a variety of industrial and specialized agricultural products have broadened export trade in recent years. High value added goods and services, including microchips, have further bolstered exports. Tourism continues to bring in foreign exchange, as Costa Rica's impressive biodiversity makes it a key destination for ecotourism. Foreign investors remain attracted by the country's political stability and relatively high education levels, as well as the fiscal incentives offered in the free-trade zones, however, many business impediments remain. Costa Rica has attracted one of the highest levels of foreign direct investment per capita in Latin America. Poverty has remained around 20% for nearly 20 years, and the strong social safety net that had been put into place by the government has eroded due to increased financial constraints on government expenditures. legislature.
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Aventuras Tierra Verde - Incoming Agency, Tour Operator & DMC Costa Rica

Aventuras Tierra Verde
Apdo. 198-6100
Ciudad Colón
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Tel.:   + (506) 2249 2354
Fax:   + (506) 2249 1000
Email: travelplanner[AT SIGN]tierra-verde[DOT]com
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Aventuras Tierra Verde S.A. | COSTA RICA
Incoming Agency, Tour Operator & DMC
ICT License TO 804

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Office Hours:
Monday - Friday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

CST - Certification for Sustainable Tourism Rainforest Alliance Certified Tour Operator Blue Flag Program for Climate Change ICT - Costa Rican Tourism InstituteEssential Costa RicaInternational Code of ConductNational Chamber of Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism
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Canatur - National Tourism Chamber Costa RicaFuturopa - Promoting Costa Rica in Europe

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